Rubens, Peter Paul

Rubens, Peter Paul
(6/28/1577 Siegen-5/30/1640 Antwerp) (Netherlands)
   Painter, art collector, and diplomat. Trained under Verhaegt, van Noort, and van Veen, he also traveled to Italy and was influenced by Tintoretto, Titian, and Corregio. Perhaps the most important artist of the Dutch Baroque period, in addition he was an influential diplomat, an art dealer, and a very successful businessman. Known for the voluptuousness of the women he depicted, a descriptive term — Rubenesque — has derived from his preference for the zaftig female. His sensuous use of color also emphasized the eroticism of his paintings.
   Reproductions: Christ with Mary Magdalene; c1620; Webb, 1975: p. 126 . Death of Argus; 1611; 263 Lucie-Smith, 1972: p. 221 [B]. Diana and her nymphs surprised by fauns; c1603-1604; Lucie-Smith 1997: p. 168 . Ganymede; c1636; Lucie-Smith, 1972: p. 87 [B]. Helene Fourment in a fur robe; c1631; Lucie-Smith, 1972: p. 81 [B]. Jupiter and Callisto; 1613; Lucie-Smith, 1972: p. 202 [B]. Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus; c1616-1617; Bentley, 1984: p. 78 [C]. Sleeping Angelica; Brusendorff, 1960a: p. 108 [B]. Susannah and the elders; c1610-1612; Lucie-Smith, 1972: p. 174 [B].
   [b]Source: Benezit, vol. 12: pp. 76-83; Jan Bialostocki, "Reflections on eroticism in three Rubens paintings," in The message of images: studies in the history of art (Vienna: Irsa, c1988); DoA vol. 27: pp. 287-303; Hans-Ernst Mit-tig, "Erotik bei Rubens," in Der Garten der Luste, ed by R. Berger and D. Hammer-Tugendhat (Cologne: Du-mont, 1985): pp. 48-88; ThB XXIX 1935: p. 137.

Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators. .

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  • Rubens, Peter Paul — • Flemish painter (1577 1640) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Rubens, Peter Paul — born June 28, 1577, Siegen, Westphalia died May 30, 1640, Antwerp, Spanish Neth. Flemish painter and diplomat. After apprenticeships in Antwerp, he was admitted to its painters guild in 1598. He went to Italy in 1600 and until 1608 worked for the …   Universalium

  • Rubens, Peter Paul — (1577 1640)    Peter Paul Rubens was born in Seigen where his father was exiled. When Rubens was a year old, the exile was lifted and the family went to Cologne. Rubens father died in 1589, and his mother, Maria Pijpelinckx, moved with her… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • RUBENS, Peter Paul — (1577 1640) Rubens single handedly transformed the character of Flanders from a city where provincial art was created to a major artistic center. He was not only a prolific painter with approximately three thousand works attributed to him, but… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Rubens, Peter Paul — (1577 1640)    Flemish painter. He worked in the baroque style and became the most internationally famous artist of northern Europe, admired for the lush colors, energetic spirit, and sensual, fleshly human figures typical of his works. His… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Rubens,Peter Paul — Ru·bens (ro͞oʹbənz), Peter Paul. 1577 1640. Flemish painter. A master of the baroque, he executed many portraits and exuberant works of allegorical, historical, and religious themes, including Descent from the Cross (1611 1614). * * * …   Universalium

  • RUBENS, PETER PAUL —    the greatest of the Flemish painters, born at Siegen, in Westphalia; came with his widowed mother in 1587 to Antwerp, where he sedulously cultivated the painter s art, and early revealed his masterly gift of colouring; went to Italy, and for a …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Rubens, Peter Paul — (28 jun. 1577, Siegen, Westfalia–30 may. 1640, Amberes, Países bajos españoles). Pintor y diplomático flamenco. Luego de servir como aprendiz en Amberes, en 1598 fue admitido en el gremio de pintores de esa ciudad. Se trasladó a Italia en 1600 y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rubens, Peter Paul —  (1577–1640) Flemish painter …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

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